Effects of action observation therapy for gait training in stroke: a scoping review


  • Leonard Protasius Plijoly Sabah Rehabilitation Research & Service Group, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Fatimah Ahmedy Sabah Rehabilitation Research & Service Group, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Natiara Mohamad Hashim Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nyein Yin Khin Sabah Rehabilitation Research & Service Group, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Alvin Oliver Payus Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Dg. Maryama Ag. Daud HEAL Unit, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Candace Xiao Huey Goh 1) Sabah Rehabilitation Research & Service Group, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia 2) Physiotherapy Unit, Hospital Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia




Action observation therapy, Gait training, Stroke rehabilitation


Action observation therapy (AOT) is a rehabilitation approach integrating sensory perception of motor skills among stroke survivors. This review article aims to investigate the effectiveness of AOT for gait training among comparative studies in stroke rehabilitation. We searched through MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar using the following subsets of terms: 'stroke' AND 'gait' AND 'action observation.' Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCT studies focusing on AOT for gait training in stroke patients were included. Eleven RCTs and one non-RCT study met the inclusion criteria and were included for analysis. Data were extracted on sample size, inclusion criteria, type of intervention, functional outcome measures, gait parameters, and intervention effectiveness. Overall, AOT demonstrated positive results as an adjunctive intervention for improving gait properties among stroke individuals. The review highlighted its neurophysiological mechanisms and benefits in stroke rehabilitation. AOT shows promise as a beneficial adjunctive intervention for improving gait properties among stroke individuals. Further research is warranted to explore its optimal implementation and long-term effects in stroke rehabilitation.


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How to Cite

Plijoly, L. P., Ahmedy, F., Hashim, N. M., Khin, N. Y., Payus, A. O., Daud, D. M. A. and Goh, C. X. H. (2024) “Effects of action observation therapy for gait training in stroke: a scoping review”, Neuroscience Research Notes, 7(2), pp. 304.1–304.13. doi: 10.31117/neuroscirn.v7i2.304.