Psychological science in Mongolia: Its history, development, and future prospects


  • Binderiya Bayanmunkh Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Batsukh Shairii Mongolian Psychological Association, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Buyantungalag Battulga Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Tsolmon Jadamba Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Bayarmaa Tsend Mongolian National University of Education, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.



Psychology, Mongolia, History, Perspective


This review paper explores the history, development, current state, and future prospects of psychological science in Mongolia. The establishment of the first department of pedagogical psychology in 1954 and the publication of the first Mongolian psychology textbook in 1960 marked the initial steps in the field's development. Dr. Sanjjav Damdinjav's pioneering PhD in 1966 and subsequent international representation paved the way for further growth. Currently, most Mongolian psychologists work across both public and private sectors. Education, healthcare, and justice/military services are the key employer groups in the public sector. Promising research has emerged in recent years, focusing on child and youth development, social support and well-being, psychological factors and financial credit risk, and tool adaptation for psychological assessment. Despite these advancements, significant challenges remain. These include a need for nationally licensed graduate programs, limited research funding, an outdated academic system, political interference in public university governance, a shortage of specialised personnel, and high research infrastructure costs. The most pressing issue is the need for graduate programs and corresponding job opportunities for major specialities like clinical, cognitive, and developmental psychology. Potential solutions include introducing graduate programs in key specialities, establishing licensure regulations, addressing systemic gaps, and increasing financial support for research institutions and universities. These steps would lay a strong foundation for the field, fostering its sustained growth and enabling meaningful contributions to Mongolian development.


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How to Cite

Bayanmunkh, B., Shairii, B., Battulga, B., Jadamba, T., Lkhagvasuren, B. and Tsend, B. (2024) “Psychological science in Mongolia: Its history, development, and future prospects”, Neuroscience Research Notes, 7(1), pp. 242.1–242.8. doi: 10.31117/neuroscirn.v7i1.242.