Psychological science in Mongolia: Its history, development, and future prospects

Authors

  • Binderiya Bayanmunkh Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Batsukh Shairii Mongolian Psychological Association, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Buyantungalag Battulga Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Tsolmon Jadamba Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren Brain and Mind Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • Bayarmaa Tsend Mongolian National University of Education, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31117/neuroscirn.v7i1.242

Keywords:

Psychology, Mongolia, History, Perspective

Abstract

This review paper explores the history, development, current state, and future prospects of psychological science in Mongolia. The establishment of the first department of pedagogical psychology in 1954 and the publication of the first Mongolian psychology textbook in 1960 marked the initial steps in the field's development. Dr. Sanjjav Damdinjav's pioneering PhD in 1966 and subsequent international representation paved the way for further growth. Currently, most Mongolian psychologists work across both public and private sectors. Education, healthcare, and justice/military services are the key employer groups in the public sector. Promising research has emerged in recent years, focusing on child and youth development, social support and well-being, psychological factors and financial credit risk, and tool adaptation for psychological assessment. Despite these advancements, significant challenges remain. These include a need for nationally licensed graduate programs, limited research funding, an outdated academic system, political interference in public university governance, a shortage of specialised personnel, and high research infrastructure costs. The most pressing issue is the need for graduate programs and corresponding job opportunities for major specialities like clinical, cognitive, and developmental psychology. Potential solutions include introducing graduate programs in key specialities, establishing licensure regulations, addressing systemic gaps, and increasing financial support for research institutions and universities. These steps would lay a strong foundation for the field, fostering its sustained growth and enabling meaningful contributions to Mongolian development.

References

Bat-Erdene, E., Hiramoto, T., Tumurbaatar, E., Tumur-Ochir, G., Jamiyandorj, O., Yamamoto, E., Hamajima, N., Oka, T., Jadamba, T., & Lkhagvasuren, B. (2023). Quality of life in the general population of Mongolia: Normative data on WHOQOL-BREF. PLoS ONE, 18(9), e0291427. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0291427

Battulga, B., Benjamin, M. R., Chen, H., & Bat-Enkh, E. (2021). The impact of social support and pregnancy on subjective well-being: A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 710858. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.710858

Border Protection Agency. (2023). Evolving trends in military psychology development (Vol. 1). Chuluut Khevlel San, Mongolia.

Brain and Mind Research Institute. (2022). Brief history of Brain and Mind Research Institute. http://en.bmri.ac.mn/c/2743405?content=3218506&r=3218167

Dulam, D. (1960). Physical and psychological characteristics of childhood (Docvhin Ed.). Scientific publication of the Institute of Science and Higher Education, Mongolia.

Ganbat, M., Batbaatar, E., Bazarragchaa, G., Ider, T., Gantumur, E., Dashkhorol, L., Altantsatsralt, K., Nemekh, M., Dashdondog, E., & Namsrai, O. (2021). Effect of psychological factors on credit risk: a case study of the microlending service in Mongolia. Behavioral Sciences, 11(4), 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs11040047

Guruuchin, T., Gelen, B., Ogoosh, K., Dashzeveg, N., Badrakh, B., Argvaanbayar, B., Banzaragch, O., Doljinsuren, O., Tumee, T., & Baasankhuu, E. (2022). 70 years of history in education (2nd Ed.). Soyombo printing, Mongolia.

Lkhagvasuren, B., & Jamiyansuren, J. (2021). Challenges and perspectives of brain science in Mongolia and Central Asian countries. Neuroscience Research Notes, 4(3Suppl), 70–74. https://doi.org/10.31117/neuroscirn.v4i3suppl.143

Lkhagvasuren, B., Hiramoto, T., Tumurbaatar, E., Bat-Erdene, E., Tumur-Ochir, G., Viswanath, V., Corrigan, J. J., & Jadamba, T. (2023). the brain overwork scale: A population-based cross-sectional study on the psychometric properties of a new 10-item scale to assess mental distress in Mongolia. Healthcare, 11(7), 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11071003

Ministry of Education and Science. (2021a). Journal of Social Sciences (1st ed.). Enji publisher, Mongolia. https://fliphtml5.com/idqsk/aupv/basic

Ministry of Education and Science. (2021b). Order A/266 of the Minister of MES on organising preparatory work for the employment of psychologists. https://www.meds.gov.mn/post/73954#

Mongolian National University of Education. (2022). Alumni Information. https://web.msue.edu.mn/category/dip

National University of Mongolia. (2022). Alumni Information. https://www.num.edu.mn/home/Content/272

Park, J., Choi, Y., Chao, M. M., Beejinkhuu, U., & Sohn, Y. W. (2021). A cultural orientation approach to work orientation: Mongolian workers' jobs, careers, and callings. Journal of Career Development, 089484532110408. https://doi.org/10.1177/08948453211040811

Sharav, S. (2010). History of education in Mongolia (2nd ed.). Startline publishing company, Mongolia.

The 6th IBRO-APRC Ulaanbaatar Associate School. (2023). Guidebook for the IBRO-APRC Ulaanbaatar Associate School on Behavioral and Translational Neuroscience. https://ibroschool.neuroscience.mn/guidebook/

Tumurbaatar, E., Hiramoto, T., Tumur-Ochir, G., Jargalsaikhan, O., Erkhembayar, R., Jadamba, T., & Lkhagvasuren, B. (2021). Translation, reliability, and structural validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in the general population of Mongolia. Neuroscience Research Notes, 4(3Suppl), 30–39. https://doi.org/10.31117/neuroscirn.v4i3Suppl.101

University of Humanities. (2023). Introduction to the Department of Psychology. https://humanities.edu.mn

Downloads

Published

2024-03-17

How to Cite

Bayanmunkh, B., Shairii, B., Battulga, B., Jadamba, T., Lkhagvasuren, B. and Tsend, B. (2024) “Psychological science in Mongolia: Its history, development, and future prospects”, Neuroscience Research Notes, 7(1), pp. 242.1–242.8. doi: 10.31117/neuroscirn.v7i1.242.